U.S. Pacific Command protects and defends, in concert with other U.S. government agencies, the territory of the United States, its people and its interests. With allies and partners, we will enhance stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region by promoting security cooperation, encouraging peaceful development, responding to contingencies, deterring aggression and, when necessary, fighting to win. This approach is based on partnership, presence and military readiness.
We recognize the global significance of the Indo-Asia-Pacific region and understand that challenges are best met together. Consequently, we will remain an engaged and trusted partner committed to preserving the security, stability and freedom upon which enduring prosperity in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region depends. We will collaborate with the services and other Combatant Commands to defend America’s interests.
U.S. Pacific Command, together with other U.S. government agencies, protects and defends the United States, its territories, allies and interests; alongside allies and partners, promotes regional security and deters aggression; and, if deterrence fails, is prepared to respond to the full spectrum of military contingencies to restore Asia-Pacific stability and security.
The USPACOM area of responsibility encompasses about half the earth’s surface, stretching from the waters off the West Coast of the U.S. to the western border of India and from Antarctica to the North Pole. There are few regions as culturally, socially, economically and geopolitically diverse as the Asia-Pacific. The 36 nations that comprise the Asia-Pacific region are home to more than 50 percent of the world’s population, 3,000 languages, several of the world’s largest militaries and five nations allied with the U.S. through mutual defense treaties. Two of the three largest economies are in the Asia-Pacific along with 10 of the 14 smallest. The AOR includes the most populous nation in the world, the largest democracy and the largest Muslim-majority nation. More than one-third of Asia-Pacific nations are smaller, island nations, which includes the smallest republic in the world and the smallest nation in Asia.
USPACOM is one of six geographic Unified Combatant Commands of the U.S. armed forces. Commander, U.S. Pacific Command is the senior U.S. military authority in the Pacific Command AOR. CDRUSPACOM reports to the president of the United States through the secretary of defense and is supported by four component commands: U.S. Pacific Fleet, U.S. Pacific Air Forces, U.S. Army Pacific and U.S. Marine Forces, Pacific. These commands are headquartered in Hawaii and have forces stationed and deployed throughout the region.
About 380,000 U.S. military and civilian personnel are assigned to the USPACOM area of responsibility. U.S. Pacific Fleet consists of about 200 ships (to include five aircraft carrier strike groups), nearly 1,100 aircraft, and 140,000 sailors and civilians all dedicated to protecting our mutual security interests. U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Pacific includes two Marine Expeditionary Forces and about 86,000 personnel and 640 aircraft assigned. U.S. Pacific Air Forces comprises about 46,000 airmen and civilians and more than 420 aircraft. U.S. Army Pacific has about 106,000 personnel from one corps and two divisions, plus more than 300 aircraft and five watercraft assigned throughout the AOR from Japan and Korea to Alaska and Hawaii. Of note, component command personnel numbers include more than 1,200 Special Operations personnel. Department of Defense civilian employees in the Pacific Command AOR number about 38,000.
USPACOM recognizes the global significance of the Asia-Pacific region and understands that challenges are best met together. Consequently, USPACOM will remain an engaged and trusted partner committed to preserving the security, stability and freedom upon which enduring prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region depends.
USPACOM headquarters is in the Nimitz-MacArthur Building on Camp H.M. Smith just outside Honolulu.
USPACOM strategy adheres to several guiding principles. Four principles were articulated by the U.S. secretary of defense to elaborate on the president’s guidance in January 2012 that the U.S. “will of necessity rebalance toward the Asia-Pacific.” These and three additional principles appear as consistent themes.
International Rules: Advance a set of rules that are respected and followed by all, highlighting open access to the shared domains of sea, air, space and cyberspace, and resolving disputes without coercion or the use of force.
Partnerships: Modernize and strengthen alliances and partnerships.
Presence: Enhance and adapt our enduring presence in the region and enable more effective engagement with partners.
Force Projection: Make a sustained series of investments and strategic decisions to strengthen U.S. military capabilities in the Asia-Pacific.
Unity of Effort: Contribute to U.S. whole-of-government approaches to resolving regional security challenges and support the broadest possible involvement of regional counterparts.
Strategic Communication: Ensure U.S. intent and resolve is conveyed clearly and that our words and actions are aligned.
Readiness to Fight and Win: USPACOM is first and foremost a warfighting command, committed to maintaining superiority across the range of military operations in all domains.
These principles help guide the partnership role that the United States will continue to play in the Asia-Pacific. This role is solidified geographically and through our alliances and partnerships in the Asia-Pacific. Our enduring interests of open access to the shared domains of sea, air, space and cyberspace are further amplified by the fact that the Asia-Pacific will be the economic center of trade for the foreseeable future and that continued prosperity is tied to the peaceful rise of China as an economic and militarypower.
The Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies is a U.S. Department of Defense institute at Fort DeRussy in Waikiki that addresses regional and global security issues. Military and civilian representatives, predominantly from the U.S. and Asia-Pacific nations, participate in a comprehensive program of executive education, professional exchanges and outreach events, both in Hawaii and throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
The center supports the U.S. Pacific Command by developing and sustaining relationships among security practitioners and national security establishments throughout the region. The APCSS’s mission is to build capacities and communities of interest by educating, connecting and empowering security practitioners to advance Asia-Pacific security. It is one of the Department of Defense’s five regional security studies centers.
Visit APCSS online at:
More information is available by calling or emailing:
Find more information at www.pacom.mil.
The key to a smooth transition is your sponsor, who can help arrange your Temporary Lodging Allowance accommodations, provide transportation from the airport, check you in to your new command and give you general information about the community before your move. You will be assigned a sponsor by your service element at USPACOM.
If you are planning to bring a pet to Hawaii, it is imperative that you or your sponsor contact the state’s Animal Quarantine Station at 808-483-7151 for a copy of the animal quarantine packet. Hawaii is a rabies-free state and has a strict quarantine law. Pet restrictions apply to families living on base in privatized housing. Inquire with housing offices for information.
Be sure to make your reservations early. Hotel accommodations are usually plentiful except during high tourist seasons (December through March and May through August). Accommodations must be Temporary Lodging Allowance approved. TLA is authorized for all command-sponsored military personnel arriving on permanent change of station orders pending availability or completion of permanent living arrangements. TLA is not an advance but a reimbursement. It is advisable to have at least $1,500 in traveler’s checks or a government credit card to meet immediate off-base living expenses.
Accompanied members are authorized to ship their full weight allowance, but keep in mind that homes in Hawaii are sometimes smaller than those on the mainland. It may be best to leave personally owned ranges, refrigerators, washers, dryers, oversized furniture and cold-weather clothing and equipment in storage on the mainland. Ranges and refrigerators are provided for use on base and in private rental housing when not provided by the landlord as part of the rental agreement. Check with your service housing office for the availability of washers and dryers. Consider shipping lawn care equipment such as lawn mowers and weed eaters. These items are available for use to family housing residents through self-help stores but may not be available at the time you want them.
Unaccompanied members should contact their military shipping and personal property office to find out their shipping weight allowances.Express Shipment
You are authorized an unaccompanied baggage shipment (often called an express shipment). This shipment should be limited to clothing, linens, dishes, towels, cooking utensils and other housekeeping items. You may also ship cribs, playpens, baby carriages and articles necessary for the care of your children. Small radios, portable televisions, sewing machines and small appliances may also be shipped.
Each service member is authorized to ship one privately owned vehicle at government expense. Check with your current household goods officer for information regarding shipping times and locations. If the vehicle is co-registered, you must also show that person’s permission to ship the vehicle. If you are shipping a privately owned vehicle, it will require about 60 days from the East Coast or 21 days from the West Coast to reach Oahu. All personal vehicles must be safety-inspected within 30 days after arrival on the island.
Most of the military personnel reporting to USPACOM will require a security clearance of secret or higher to perform their duties.
Check with your sponsor well in advance of your arrival to see what clearance level your billet requires.
It is in your best interest to ensure that you have initiated your initial security investigation prior to arrival. A secret clearance or higher is required to access the command’s secure computer network.
All flights lead to Honolulu International Airport about 7.5 miles south of Camp H.M. Smith’s main gate. The airport is 9 miles west of Waikiki Beach and 4 miles west of central Honolulu. Travel time to Waikiki is about 20 to 30 minutes by car, 40 minutes during rush hour. Your sponsor will greet you at the airport and help you get settled into your accommodations.
If you are not met by anyone at the airport and require lodging, contact your command duty officer or go to the USO. The USO, at the Honolulu International Airport, is available for use by all military personnel and their family members, reservists on active duty, retirees and Department of Defense civilians on orders. It can be reached at 808-836-3351.
Transportation options from the airport include taxis, shuttles, rental vehicles and Oahu’s public transportation system, TheBus (www.thebus.orgor 808-848-4500). For route and schedule info, call 808-848-5555. For more information about airport transportation, visit www.hawaii.gov/hnl/ground-transportation.
All military personnel reporting to USPACOM must check in at their J111 service element, on the third floor of Building 700 at Camp H.M. Smith (Nimitz-MacArthur Pacific Command Center), within two working days following arrival. Although the in-processing procedure varies by service, it is necessary to report to the service element to start the clock for TLA and cost-of-living allowance entitlement. All in-processing members must also fill out a data form and a LAN training-request form. Service-specific check-in requirements are:Army
Please refer to the installation-specific chapters in this guide for more information.
All military personnel assigned to USPACOM can obtain their military base decal from the Camp H.M. Smith Provost Marshal’s Office (PMO) in Building 601. To register a vehicle, you will need your military ID card, Hawaii vehicle registration, a valid driver’s license, Hawaii safety check receipt and proof of Hawaii’s no-fault insurance.
You, or your sponsor, can make an appointment with the service housing office 30 days in advance of your arrival. Camp H.M. Smith does not offer any housing to USPACOM personnel.
Air Force personnel may apply for housing as soon as they receive orders to Oahu, but will not be added to the housing waiting list until 30 days prior to their arrival. Advance housing applications are available at any Air Force base housing office. Inbound service members are referred to their service-specific housing offices at the following numbers. Marines assigned to USPACOM should call the Navy Housing Office.Air Force Housing Hickam
Pearl Harbor 808-474-1820/1821
For more information, refer to the Housing sections in installation-specific chapters of this guide. Relocation information is available at www.militaryonesource.com. For more information on living off base, visit www.AHRN.com.
Please refer to the medical sections in the installation-specific sections of this guide.
Please refer to the installation-specific chapters of this guide for more information and services. Or, visit The Hawaii Department of Education’s online at www.hawaiipublicschools.org.
Air Force 808-422-3770/3771
Coast Guard 808-842-2089
Marine Corps 808-257-2019
National Guard 808-844-6462
Army Reserves 808-438-1600, ext. 3549
Please refer to the installation-specific sections of this guide.
The U.S. Pacific Command was established as a unified command Jan. 1, 1947, and it is the oldest and largest of the United States’ unified commands.
The present USPACOM includes areas originally assigned to two other unified commanders. The Far East Command, established Jan. 1, 1947, was disestablished July 1, 1957, and all its responsibilities were assumed by the Pacific Command. That same day, the command assumed some of the responsibilities of the Alaskan Command and individual Army and Air Force component commands for the Pacific were established in Hawaii also.
In October 1957, the then-Commander in Chief, Pacific Command headquarters moved from Makalapa to Camp H.M. Smith, which is also the headquarters of the Commander, Marine Forces Pacific. CINCPAC also served concurrently as Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet until January 1958, when the U.S. Pacific Fleet became a separate component with its own commander.
Added responsibilities were assigned to CINCPAC Jan. 1, 1972, for military forces and elements in the Indian Ocean, southern Asia and the Arctic. Alaskan Command, one of the original unified commands established Jan. 1, 1947, was disestablished in 1975, and its responsibilities were transferred to the Pacific Command. The Pacific Command’s area of responsibility was further expanded May 1, 1976, to the east coast of Africa. This enlarged the Pacific Command to more than 50 percent of the earth’s surface, an area of more than 100 million square miles.
Another enlargement of the USPACOM area took place in October 1983, when CINCPAC was assigned responsibility for the People’s Republic of China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Mongolia and the Republic of Madagascar. CINCPAC was also redesignated Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command.
In 1986, the Goldwater-Nichols Reorganization Act expanded, as well as codified, the authority of the commanders of the unified commands to carry out their assigned missions and to employ combatant forces provided by the individual services.
A new Alaskan Command was established July 7, 1989, at Elmendorf Air Force Base as a subordinate unified command responsible to USCINCPAC. This placed the defense of Alaska and its surrounding waters under the leadership of one commander, providing a unity of command absent from the state since the early 1970s.
From 1989 through 2000, three Unified Command plans slightly reduced USPACOM’s area of responsibility. With the focus of attention shifting to the Middle East, the Aug. 16, 1989 plan assigned responsibility for the Gulf of Oman and Gulf of Aden to Commander, U.S. Central Command. The Jan. 1, 1996 plan transferred the Seychelles and adjacent waters to USCENTCOM. On Oct. 1, 2000, responsibility for Indian Ocean waters off Tanzania, Mozambique and South Africa was transferred from USPACOM to U.S. European Command.
The Unified Command Plan changed as a result of Sept. 11, 2001, and the ensuing war on terrorism, as well as the new defense strategy articulated in the 2001 Quadrennial Defense Review. For the first time the entire surface of the earth was divided among the various unified commands. A new Northern Command was created for homeland security, and other changes in the various commands’ responsibilities resulted in significant changes for USPACOM. The West Coast of North America was reassigned from USPACOM to USNORTHCOM. While Alaska was included in the reassignment to USNORTHCOM, Alaskan Command forces remained assigned to USPACOM in the “Forces for Unified Commands Memorandum.” Antarctica was also added to USPACOM’s area of responsibility. Approved in April 2002, the new Unified Command Plan became effective Oct. 1, 2002.
Effective Oct. 24, 2002, by direction of the secretary of defense, the title Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command was changed to Commander, U.S. Pacific Command. As stated by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, there is only one commander in chief and that is the president of the United States.
The 2008 Unified Command Plan, signed Dec. 17, 2008, documented the transfer of all areas of the Indian Ocean previously assigned to USPACOM west of 68 degrees east to the newly established U.S. Africa Command. As a result, four island countries off the east coast of Africa that were formerly assigned to PACOM were reassigned to AFRICOM: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Reunion. USPACOM has been the recipient of six Joint Meritorious Unit awards.